Cult Characteristics According to the International Cultic Studies Association

In this article, the extent to which the Mormon church meets the criteria of the International Cultic Studies Association is investigated. This assessment is not substantiated in detail (this is done here for a similar model) but is based on the knowledge and experience of well over 30 years active church membership. In cases of doubt or nuance, “no” was chosen.

According to the ICSA, “this list is not meant to be a ‘cult scale’ or a definitive checklist to determine if a specific group is a cult. This is not so much a diagnostic instrument as it is an analytical tool”.

  1. The group displays excessively zealous and unquestioning commitment to its leader and (whether he is alive or dead) regards his belief system, ideology, and practices as the Truth, as law: Yes
  2. Questioning, doubt, and dissent are discouraged or even punished: Yes
  3. Mind-altering practices (such as meditation, chanting, speaking in tongues, denunciation sessions, and debilitating work routines) are used in excess and serve to suppress doubts about the group and its leader(s): No
  4. The leadership dictates, sometimes in great detail, how members should think, act, and feel (for example, members must get permission to date, change jobs, marry—or leaders prescribe what types of clothes to wear, where to live, whether or not to have children, how to discipline children, and so forth): Yes
  5. The group is elitist, claiming a special, exalted status for itself, its leader(s) and members (for example, the leader is considered the Messiah, a special being, an avatar—or the group and/or the leader is on a special mission to save humanity): Yes
  6. The group has a polarized us-versus-them mentality, which may cause conflict with the wider society: Yes
  7. The leader is not accountable to any authorities (unlike, for example, teachers, military commanders or ministers, priests, monks, and rabbis of mainstream religious denominations): Yes
  8. The group teaches or implies that its supposedly exalted ends justify whatever means it deems necessary. This may result in members' participating in behaviors or activities they would have considered reprehensible or unethical before joining the group (for example, lying to family or friends, or collecting money for bogus charities): Yes
  9. The leadership induces feelings of shame and/or guilt iin order to influence and/or control members. Often, this is done through peer pressure and subtle forms of persuasion: Yes
  10. Subservience to the leader or group requires members to cut ties with family and friends, and radically alter the personal goals and activities they had before joining the group: Yes
  11. The group is preoccupied with bringing in new members: Yes
  12. The group is preoccupied with making money: Yes
  13. Members are expected to devote inordinate amounts of time to the group and group-related activities: Yes
  14. Members are encouraged or required to live and/or socialize only with other group members: Yes
  15. The most loyal members (the “true believers”) feel there can be no life outside the context of the group. They believe there is no other way to be, and often fear reprisals to themselves or others if they leave (or even consider leaving) the group: Yes

The Mormon church scores “Yes” to 14 of the 15 questions on this list (93%). This means that, in the psychological sense, the Mormon church exhibits many characteristics of a cult by exerting far-reaching, one-sided influence on the emotions, thoughts and behaviour of its members through the application of manipulative processes and authoritarian structures.